What Part of Speech is “TO”


The word “TO” can be used as a  Preposition and as an Adverb. Take a look at the definitions and examples below to learn how “TO” works as these parts of speech.

1. Preposition

To” can be considered as a preposition if it is used to indicate that a noun/pronoun is moving towards something. For instance, read the sample sentence below:

“I am heading to the fire exit.”

The word “to” shows that the pronoun “I” is moving in the direction of the “fire exit.”


a. expressing motion in the direction of a particular location

  • Examples:
  • He ran to the kitchen.


b. identifying the person or thing affected

  • Examples:
  • She went to the Church.


c. identifying a particular relationship between one person and another

  • Examples:
  • Come to me.


2. Adverb

In some cases, the word to can also be considered as an adverb if it is used to modify a verb. Take the example below:

“My mom came in and pushed the door to.”

In this example, the word to is considered as an adverb because it modifies or is referring to the verb “pushed.”


a. so as to be closed or nearly closed

  • Examples:
  • She pulled the door to behind her.
  • The wind blew the window to.


b. into a state of being awake or conscious

  • Examples:
  • When she came to, she was lying on the floor with her hands and feet tied up.
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