Among the 8 parts of speech, the preposition is one of the most important parts of a sentence. In its simplest sense, the preposition can be regarded as a locator not only of place, but also of time. In order for you to better understand, please refer to the examples provided below.
All of the blue italicized words (in, on, and beside) above are examples of prepositions which say something about the location (place) of the nouns contained in the sample sentences.
As mentioned earlier, prepositions can also indicate the location in time of nouns or pronouns. Take a look at the sentences below:
- During the summer, I always spend my time playing video games or reading sci-fi books at home.
- At noon, I went to my wife’s office to surprise her.
- In the winter, plants somehow “hibernate” just like animals.
During the summer, at noon, and in the winter describe a particular time (location in time).
What is the Function of Prepositions?
Aside from providing information about the location in place and time, this part of speech usually comes before a noun or a pronoun to describe its relationship to another word or part of the sentence.
- I think it’s a vessel for
The italicized word “for” is a preposition which describes the relationship between the words “vessel” and “weapons.”
- The child quickly hid under the thick covers.
The word “under” is a preposition which links the nouns “child” and “covers,” and shows the relationship between the two.
- My kite soared above the building.
In this sample sentence, the preposition “above” shows the relationship between the kite and the building.
What is a Prepositional Phrase?
A prepositional phrase is simply a group of words which contains a preposition at the beginning and a noun or a pronoun at the end. It usually follows this formula:
Preposition + Modifiers (not required) + Noun or Pronoun (object of the preposition)
Some Examples of Prepositional Phrases:
- Above the dark skies
Above= preposition; the and dark= modifiers; skies= noun
- In New York
In= preposition; New York= noun
- From my father
From= preposition; my= modifier; father= noun
Examples of Prepositions
Since there are so many possible relationships and locations in time and place that need to be indicated, there is actually a long list of prepositions that can be used in sentences. Listed below are most common prepositions in the English language:
- up to
- as for
- along with
- apart from
- according to
- in spite of
- out of
- by means of
- except for
- in addition to
- in back of
- because of
- instead of
- in front of
- on top of
- in place of
- The preposition ”at” is used to indicate a specific time. (Example: at 9:30 am)
- In is used for unspecific times during a year, a season, a month, or a day. (Example: in 1984)
- The preposition “on” is used to state the date or the day of the week. (Example: on Saturday)
- In measuring time, whether you are talking about seconds, hours, days, or years, the preposition “for” should be used. (Example: We’ve been together for two years now.)
- The preposition ”at” is used to state a specific address. (Example: at Block 22- Lot 71, Dahlia Street, Angeles City)
- In is used for names of countries, cities, towns, villages, states, or continents. (Example: in Sarajevo)
- For names of streets or avenues, the preposition “on” is appropriate to use. (Example: on 24th Avenue)
Aside from the fact that prepositions can make your written works more detailed and compelling, they can also help in making the readers understand the relationships among the various parts of the sentence. With this, it can be said that learning about this word type and knowing how to use it can be a very good way to improve your overall writing style, as well as your grammar in general.